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Hindi Grammar Samas Pdf 13


Hindi Grammar Samas Pdf 13




Samas (समस) is a term used to describe the process of combining two or more words to form a new word in Hindi grammar. Samas can be used to express various meanings, such as relation, possession, purpose, quality, quantity, etc. Samas can also make the language more concise and elegant by avoiding repetition and redundancy.


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There are six types of samas in Hindi grammar, namely:


  • Avyayibhav (अव्ययभव): In this type of samas, the first word or the whole word is an indeclinable (अव्यय), meaning it does not change according to gender, number, case, or tense. The compound word also acts as an indeclinable and is usually used in the neuter gender. For example, यथशक्त (according to ability), शरणगत (taking refuge), दरअसल (in fact), etc.



  • Tatpurush (तत्पुरुष): In this type of samas, the second word (पर पद) is the main word and determines the gender, number, and case of the compound word. The first word (पूर्व पद) acts as an attribute or modifier of the second word and is usually in the same case as the second word. There are six subtypes of tatpurush samas based on the case endings of the first word: karm tatpurush (क), karan tatpurush (से/के द्वर), sampradan tatpurush (के लए), apadan tatpurush (से पृथक), sambandh tatpurush (क/के/क), and adhikaran tatpurush (में/पर/पे). For example, रजपुरुष (king's man), रगमुक्त (free from disease), वद्यलय (place for learning), etc.



  • Dwandwa (द्वन्द्व): In this type of samas, two or more words of the same category are joined together to form a compound word that denotes all of them collectively. The compound word is usually in the dual or plural number and takes the gender and case of the last word. There are two subtypes of dwandwa samas: itaretar dwandwa (इतरेतर) and samahar dwandwa (समहर). In itaretar dwandwa, each word retains its individual meaning and can be separated by 'and' or 'or'. For example, रम-लक्ष्मण (Ram and Lakshman), मत्र-शत्रु (friend or enemy), etc. In samahar dwandwa, the words form a collective noun that denotes a group or class. For example, पत-मत (parents), कृष-वणज्य (agriculture and commerce), etc.



  • Bahuvrihi (बहुव्रह): In this type of samas, neither of the words is the main word and the compound word acts as an adjective or a noun that describes something other than the words. The compound word is usually in the masculine gender and singular number. The meaning of the compound word is derived from the relation between the words, such as possession, quality, resemblance, etc. For example, नलकंठ (one who has a blue throat), लहतक्ष (one who has red eyes), अल्पहर (one who eats little), etc.



  • Dvigusamasa(द्वगु समस): In this type of samas, a numeral prefix is added to a noun to form a compound word that denotes a certain number of that noun. The compound word is usually in the masculine gender and singular number. The numeral prefix can be dvigu(द्वगु) for two, trigu(त्रगु) for three, chaturgu(चतुर्गु) for four, panchagu(पंचगु) for five, shashthigu(षष्ठगु) for six, saptagu(सप्तगु) for seven, ashtagu(अष्टगु) for eight, navagu(नवगु) for nine, and dashagu(दशगु) for ten. For example, द्वपद (two-legged), त्रवेण (three-river confluence), चतुर्वेद (four Vedas), etc.



  • Karmadharay (कर्मधरय): In this type of samas, two words of the same category and case are joined together to form a compound word that acts as an adjective or a noun. The compound word denotes a special type or quality of the words. The compound word usually follows the gender, number, and case of the last word. For example, श्वेतश्व (white horse), रजर्ष (royal sage), महनद (great river), etc.



There are many books and PDFs available online that provide detailed explanations and examples of samas in Hindi grammar. One such PDF is "Hindi Grammar Samas Pdf 13" , which covers the definition and types of samas with examples and exercises. Another PDF is "Navam Adhyay Samas Parichay - NCERT" , which is a chapter from the NCERT Hindi textbook for class 9. It also explains the concept and types of samas with examples and exercises. A third PDF is "Samas in Hindi समस परभष व भेद और उदहरण हन्द व्यकरण" , which is a comprehensive guide on samas in Hindi grammar with definitions, types, subtypes, rules, examples, and quizzes.


Samas is an important topic in Hindi grammar that helps to enrich the vocabulary and expression of the language. By learning the rules and types of samas, one can form new words and phrases that convey various meanings and nuances. Samas also helps to avoid repetition and redundancy in the language and make it more concise and elegant. Here is the continuation of the HTML article on the topic of "Hindi Grammar Samas Pdf 13": Some of the benefits of learning samas in Hindi grammar are:


  • It helps to improve the vocabulary and comprehension of the language by introducing new words and meanings.



  • It helps to enhance the creativity and expression of the language by allowing the formation of various types of words and phrases.



  • It helps to reduce the complexity and length of the sentences by avoiding repetition and redundancy.



  • It helps to make the language more precise and elegant by conveying the intended message in a concise and clear way.



Some of the challenges of learning samas in Hindi grammar are:


  • It requires a good knowledge of the basic grammar rules and concepts, such as gender, number, case, tense, etc.



  • It requires a good understanding of the meaning and usage of the words and phrases that are combined to form samas.



  • It requires a good practice and application of the rules and types of samas with various examples and exercises.



  • It requires a good awareness and recognition of the samas words and phrases in different contexts and situations.



To overcome these challenges, one can follow some tips and strategies, such as:


  • Reviewing the definitions and types of samas with examples and exercises regularly.



  • Reading and listening to various texts and speeches that use samas words and phrases frequently.



  • Writing and speaking using samas words and phrases appropriately and correctly.



  • Checking and correcting the errors and mistakes in using samas words and phrases.



In conclusion, samas is an important topic in Hindi grammar that helps to enrich the vocabulary and expression of the language. By learning the rules and types of samas, one can form new words and phrases that convey various meanings and nuances. Samas also helps to avoid repetition and redundancy in the language and make it more concise and elegant. Samas is a topic that requires a good knowledge, understanding, practice, and application of the grammar rules and concepts. By following some tips and strategies, one can overcome the challenges and master the topic of samas in Hindi grammar. Here is the continuation of the HTML article on the topic of "Hindi Grammar Samas Pdf 13": Some of the benefits of learning samas in Hindi grammar are:


  • It helps to improve the vocabulary and comprehension of the language by introducing new words and meanings.



  • It helps to enhance the creativity and expression of the language by allowing the formation of various types of words and phrases.



  • It helps to reduce the complexity and length of the sentences by avoiding repetition and redundancy.



  • It helps to make the language more precise and elegant by conveying the intended message in a concise and clear way.



Some of the challenges of learning samas in Hindi grammar are:


  • It requires a good knowledge of the basic grammar rules and concepts, such as gender, number, case, tense, etc.



  • It requires a good understanding of the meaning and usage of the words and phrases that are combined to form samas.



  • It requires a good practice and application of the rules and types of samas with various examples and exercises.



  • It requires a good awareness and recognition of the samas words and phrases in different contexts and situations.



To overcome these challenges, one can follow some tips and strategies, such as:


  • Reviewing the definitions and types of samas with examples and exercises regularly.



  • Reading and listening to various texts and speeches that use samas words and phrases frequently.



  • Writing and speaking using samas words and phrases appropriately and correctly.



  • Checking and correcting the errors and mistakes in using samas words and phrases.



In conclusion, samas is an important topic in Hindi grammar that helps to enrich the vocabulary and expression of the language. By learning the rules and types of samas, one can form new words and phrases that convey various meanings and nuances. Samas also helps to avoid repetition and redundancy in the language and make it more concise and elegant. Samas is a topic that requires a good knowledge, understanding, practice, and application of the grammar rules and concepts. By following some tips and strategies, one can overcome the challenges and master the topic of samas in Hindi grammar. I have already written a complete article on the topic of "Hindi Grammar Samas Pdf 13". I don't think there is anything more to add. If you want, you can review the article and give me your feedback. ? I have already written a complete article on the topic of "Hindi Grammar Samas Pdf 13". I don't think there is anything more to add. If you want, you can review the article and give me your feedback. ?


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